Fishing worms are a popular and effective bait choice for anglers of all levels. These slimy creatures provide an irresistible lure for many species of fish, making them an essential item in any angler’s tackle box. In this ultimate guide, we will cover everything you need to know about fishing worms, from the different types available to how to fish with them.
Types of Fishing Worms
There are several types of worms commonly used for fishing, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits. Here are some of the most popular varieties:
Nightcrawlers, also known as dew worms, are one of the most popular types of fishing worms. They are large, thick worms that can grow up to 14 inches in length, making them an excellent choice for catching big fish. Nightcrawlers are often used for freshwater fishing and are especially effective for catching trout, bass, and catfish.
Red wigglers, also known as manure worms, are a smaller and thinner type of worm. They are commonly used for bait in both freshwater and saltwater fishing and are particularly effective for catching panfish, such as bluegill and crappie. Red wigglers are also popular for ice fishing, as they can withstand colder temperatures than other types of worms.
Mealworms are not actually worms but the larvae of darkling beetles. They are a popular choice for fishing bait due to their high protein content, which makes them particularly attractive to fish. Mealworms are often used for catching trout, bluegill, and perch.
Waxworms are another type of worm that is not actually a worm but the larvae of wax moths. They are a soft and plump bait that is particularly effective for catching panfish, such as bluegill and crappie. Waxworms are also a popular choice for ice fishing.
How to Store Fishing Worms
Storing your fishing worms properly is essential to ensure they remain lively and healthy for use as bait. Here are some tips for storing your worms:
- Keep your worms in a cool, dark place, such as a refrigerator or a cooler with ice packs.
- Avoid exposing your worms to direct sunlight, as this can cause them to dry out and die.
- Use a worm bedding material, such as damp newspaper or peat moss, to keep your worms moist and comfortable.
- Change the bedding material and add fresh food scraps, such as fruit and vegetable peels, every few days to keep your worms healthy.
How to Fish with Worms
Now that you know the different types of fishing worms and how to store them, it’s time to learn how to fish with them. Here are some tips for using worms as bait:
- Use a fishing hook that is appropriate for the size of your worm. For larger worms, use a 1/0 or 2/0 hook, while smaller worms can be fished with a 6 or 8 hook.
- Thread your worm onto the hook so that it hangs straight. Be careful not to damage the worm’s body, as this can reduce its effectiveness as bait.
- Cast your line into the water and wait for a fish to take the bait. You can use a bobber or sinker to help control the depth and position of your bait.
- If you don’t get a bite within a few minutes, slowly reel in your line and check your bait. If the worm is still alive and looks healthy, cast your line again in a different spot.
Fishing worms are a versatile and effective bait choice for anglers of all levels. Whether you’re fishing for trout in a freshwater stream or panfish on a lake, using worms as bait can help increase your chances of success. By following the tips and techniques outlined in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a skilled worm angler.