Fishing worms are a popular and effective bait choice for anglers of all levels. These slimy creatures provide an irresistible lure for many species of fish, making them an essential item in any angler’s tackle box. In this ultimate guide, we will cover everything you need to know about fishing worms, from the different types available to how to fish with them.

Types of Fishing Worms

There are several types of worms commonly used for fishing, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits. Here are some of the most popular varieties:


Nightcrawlers, also known as dew worms, are one of the most popular types of fishing worms. They are large, thick worms that can grow up to 14 inches in length, making them an excellent choice for catching big fish. Nightcrawlers are often used for freshwater fishing and are especially effective for catching trout, bass, and catfish.

Red Wigglers

Red wigglers, also known as manure worms, are a smaller and thinner type of worm. They are commonly used for bait in both freshwater and saltwater fishing and are particularly effective for catching panfish, such as bluegill and crappie. Red wigglers are also popular for ice fishing, as they can withstand colder temperatures than other types of worms.


Mealworms are not actually worms but the larvae of darkling beetles. They are a popular choice for fishing bait due to their high protein content, which makes them particularly attractive to fish. Mealworms are often used for catching trout, bluegill, and perch.


Waxworms are another type of worm that is not actually a worm but the larvae of wax moths. They are a soft and plump bait that is particularly effective for catching panfish, such as bluegill and crappie. Waxworms are also a popular choice for ice fishing.

How to Store Fishing Worms

Storing your fishing worms properly is essential to ensure they remain lively and healthy for use as bait. Here are some tips for storing your worms:

  • Keep your worms in a cool, dark place, such as a refrigerator or a cooler with ice packs.
  • Avoid exposing your worms to direct sunlight, as this can cause them to dry out and die.
  • Use a worm bedding material, such as damp newspaper or peat moss, to keep your worms moist and comfortable.
  • Change the bedding material and add fresh food scraps, such as fruit and vegetable peels, every few days to keep your worms healthy.

How to Fish with Worms

Now that you know the different types of fishing worms and how to store them, it’s time to learn how to fish with them. Here are some tips for using worms as bait:

  • Use a fishing hook that is appropriate for the size of your worm. For larger worms, use a 1/0 or 2/0 hook, while smaller worms can be fished with a 6 or 8 hook.
  • Thread your worm onto the hook so that it hangs straight. Be careful not to damage the worm’s body, as this can reduce its effectiveness as bait.
  • Cast your line into the water and wait for a fish to take the bait. You can use a bobber or sinker to help control the depth and position of your bait.
  • If you don’t get a bite within a few minutes, slowly reel in your line and check your bait. If the worm is still alive and looks healthy, cast your line again in a different spot.


Fishing worms are a versatile and effective bait choice for anglers of all levels. Whether you’re fishing for trout in a freshwater stream or panfish on a lake, using worms as bait can help increase your chances of success. By following the tips and techniques outlined in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a skilled worm angler.

About Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this blog is for general informational purposes only. We strive to provide accurate and up-to-date content, but we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability of the information contained on this blog. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. The blog owner and authors will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. We recommend consulting professional advice or conducting your own research for specific fishing techniques, regulations, safety guidelines, and any other related information. Fishing activities involve certain risks, and it is important to exercise caution and adhere to local laws and regulations while engaging in fishing activities. By using this blog, you agree to indemnify and hold harmless the blog owner and authors from any and all claims, liabilities, or damages arising out of your use of the information provided.